The newly formed state of Uttarakhand is renowned for its unique bio-diversity. Due to geographic and climatic diversity in different areas of the state different forest types are found spanning from the Himalayas to the plains of the Terai. Due to biodiversity present in state 12 percent of total geographical area is protected areas which includes 6 National Park & 6 Wildlife Sanctuary. Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. National parks in Uttarakhand include the Jim Corbett National Park (first national park of India) at Ramnagar in Nainital District, and Valley of Flowers National Park and Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli District, which together are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A number of plant species in the valley are internationally threatened, including several that have not been recorded from elsewhere in Uttarakhand. Rajaji National Park in Haridwar Districtand Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary and Gangotri National Park in Uttarkashi District are some other protected areas in the state.
According to scientific studies in the state 102 mammals, 600 of birds, 19 amphibians, 70 reptiles and 124 species of fish are found. In these above mentioned species there are globally endangered species which consists of tiger (Panthera tigers), Asian elephant (Elephus maximus), Guldar (Panthera pardus), Musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), snow leopard (Panthera uncial), Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) etc .
Biodiversity conservation in protected areas of Uttarakhand is primarily the responsibility of wildlife conservation.