Forest Clearance Application

Uttarakhand Goverment Portal, India (External Website that opens in a new window) http://india.gov.in, the National Portal of India (External Website that opens in a new window)

PROTECTED AREA NETWORK

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The newly formed state of Uttarakhand is renowned for its unique bio-diversity. Due to geographic and climatic diversity in different areas of the state different forest types are found spanning from the Himalayas to the plains of the Terai. Due to biodiversity present in state 12 percent of total geographical area is protected areas which includes 6 National Park & 6 Wildlife Sanctuary. Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. National parks in Uttarakhand include the Jim Corbett National Park (first national park of India) at Ramnagar in Nainital District, and Valley of Flowers National Park and Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli District, which together are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A number of plant species in the valley are internationally threatened, including several that have not been recorded from elsewhere in Uttarakhand. Rajaji National Park in Haridwar Districtand Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Sanctuary and Gangotri National Park in Uttarkashi District are some other protected areas in the state.

According to scientific studies in the state 102 mammals, 600 of birds, 19 amphibians, 70 reptiles and 124 species of fish are found. In these above mentioned species there are globally endangered species which consists of  tiger (Panthera tigers), Asian elephant (Elephus maximus), Guldar (Panthera pardus), Musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), Snow leopard (Panthera uncial), Monal (Lophophorus impejanus) etc .

Biodiversity conservation in protected areas of Uttarakhand  is primarily the responsibility of wildlife conservation.

Description of protected areas:-

Uttarakhand  has 6 National Park and  7 Wildlife Sanctuary and 4 Conservation Reserve, whose details are as follows:-

S.No

Protectected Area

Area
(km²)

Inaugration year

1

Corbett National Park

520.82

1936

2

Nanda Devi National Park

624.60

1982

3

Valley of Flowers National Park 

87.50

1982

4

Rajaji National Park

820.42

1983

5

Gangotri National Park

2390.02

1989

6

Govind National Park

472.08

1990

 

TOTAL

4915.44

 

Wildlife Sanctuary:-

S.No

Protectected Area

Area
(km²)

Inaugration year

1

Govind wildlife sanctuary

485.89

1955

2

Kedarnath wildlife sanctuary

975.20

1972

3

Askot wildlife sanctuary

599.93

1986

4

Sonanadi wildlife sanctuary

301.18

1987

5

Binsar wildlife sanctuary

47.07

1988

6

Mussoorie wildlife sanctuary

10.82

1993

7

Nandhaur Wildlife Sanctuary

 269.95

2012

 

Conservation Reserve:-

S.No

Protected Area

Area
(km²)

Inaugration year

1

Jhilmil Jheel Conservation Reserve

37.84

2005

2

Aasan Wetland Conservation Reserve

4.44

2005

3

Pawalgarh Conservation Reserve

5.82

2012

4

Nainadevi Himalayan Bird Conservation Reserve

111.91

 2015

Biosphere Reserve:-

S.No

Protected Area

Area
(km²)

Inaugration year

1

Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

 

 

 

1-Nandadevi National Park, Valley of Flowers National Park, Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary Biosphere Reserve and buffer zone  together cover total area of ​​2,26,271.75 ha.

2- Corbett National Park, Sonandi Wildlife Sanctuary and the buffer zone covering Corbett Tiger Reserve together cover total area of ​​ ​​1,28,832 ha.

3- Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant high altitude Zoological Park established in the year 1995 is spread over 4.963 ha.


Source : Uttarakhand Forest Government of Uttarakhand, Last Updated on 16-11-2017