Article 48 of the Constitution of India specifies that the state shall strive to protect and improve the environment and protect the forests and wildlife of the country. "In addition, Article 51 of the Constitution of India also clarifies that every citizen of India It is its duty to protect the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and make it better and have compassion for living beings.
With a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country, the provisions are contained in the "Wildlife (Conservation) Act, 1972" for the conservation of wildlife, birds and plants and to provide for related or incidental or incidental matters.
Compensation: Notification no. Of Uttarakhand Government Forest and Environment Section-2, for providing ex-gratia in the form of compensation in the event of loss of life and property by wildlife, and for ensuring prompt payment. 2228 / G-2-2012-19 (37) / 2003 dated 10 December 2012, "Human Wildlife Conflict Relief Distribution Fund Rules 2012" has been made, in which compensation is given as per the given arrangement.
Tourism: Information about tourism activities in protected areas of Uttarakhand is as follows:-
Tourism activities in protected areas for the year 2015-2016 till 2019-2020
|Year||No. of Tourists||Revenue (₹ In Lakh)|
Source: on the information received from the Forest Guardian / Director.
There are 4 rescue centres in Uttarakhand:
- Chidipur Rescue Center Haridwar Forest Division, Haridwar (Bandar Varanikaran Kendra).
- Ranibagh Rescue Center, Nainital Forest Division, Nainital (Bandar Varanikaran Kendra).
- Almoda Rescue Center, Almoda (Bandar Veterinary Center).
- Dhela Rescue Center, Corbett Tiger Reserve, Ramnagar (proceedings in motion).
- Dehradun Zoo, Malsi.
- Pt Govind Ballabh Pant High Terrestrial Zoological Park Nainital Ju.
- Naren Tiwari Mini Zoo Dewal Almoda.
- Haldwani Zoo (Proceedings).
New enumeration of elephant, tiger, crocodile, manger, udbilau in Uttarakhand (attached).
Tiger Relocation –
For the first time in Uttarakhand, two tigers were released in Rajaji Tiger Reserve in December, 2020 and January 2021 respectively from Corbett Tiger Reserve, which was a successful attempt.
Employment Opportunities by Forest Department:-
- As a guide.
- Nature Guide.
- Fire Watcher.
Under the Secure Himalayas, the following schemes are in progress for the livelihood enhancement of the villagers:-
- Handloom and handicraft work is being done in Gangotri and Govind Landscape.
- Medicinal plants (Dumkapabpaduns chsandaj) schemes for cultivation with local population and related beneficiaries are being trained in selected villages of Gangotri and Darma Vyas Landscape Pithoragarh.
- Training is being imparted to local youth in Gangotri, Govind and Darma Vyas Landscapes in skill development (Appas Kamasavchaumdaj) on subjects like Nature Gadad, Bird Watching, Parataxanomist Mountaineering Home Stay etc.
- Training and workshops on marketing, packaging, branding value chain of local products such as Rajma, potato, red rice, medicinal plants, etc. are being organized in Priyoga to improve the livelihood of local communities.
Various forest festivals are celebrated in Uttarakhand, the main ones being as follows:-
- Van Mahotsav which is held in the first week of July.
- Wildlife week celebrated from 01 October to 07 October.
- Elephant day is celebrated on 12 August.
- Tiger day is celebrated on 29 July.
- Harela Day is celebrated on 16 July.
- Environment Day is observed on 5 June.
- Goureya Day is observed on 20 March.
- Mouth week is held in July 17 to 25.
- Nature Festival.
- Bird Festival.
Regarding conservation of vegetation of schedule head:-
A deliberate plant shall not deliberately break from any forest land, shall not uproot, harm, destroy, acquire or collect. In case of damage, the law provides for severe punishment.
Regarding conservation of wildlife:-
In case of damage to wildlife specified in Schedule 1, Schedule 2, Schedule 3 and Schedule 4 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, there is a provision for severe punishment as per the provisions of the Act (except as provided under Section 11 and Section 12).
Government of Uttarakhand Government Order No. 3917 / G-2-2009-12 (7) / 2003 dated 23 February regarding the grant of angling permits in appropriate areas of rivers / reservoirs outside the protected area of the state for the purpose of promoting tourism Permits will be issued by the Divisional Forest Officers on the basis of the rates fixed by 2009 (attached). The conditions mentioned in the office letter 1517 / 6-17 dated November 18, 2020 (attached) of the Chief Wildlife Guardian, Uttarakhand will have to be complied with.